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The impetus for new build is being spurred by a need to reduce reliance on polluting coal China has 10 nuclear units under construction including two Generation III Hualong One plants at Fangchenggang. China, with its state nuclear companies backed by a government hungry for development, is the most active nation for building new nuclear power plants. That trend that is likely to continue, although confirming lucrative export deals for its reactor technology still runs far behind the pace set by Russia, which says it had 39 reactors under construction or planned overseas as of 2018.

This compares to only two reactors under construction overseas by China, both in Pakistan, although in the UK China has a stake in EDF’s Hinkley Point C project and plans for Chinese technology at Bradwell B. At Sizewell C in Suffolk EDF wants to build a clone of Hinkley Point C if it can attract enough private investment. CGN holds a 20% share.

The government has said it wants to build 30 reactors overseas by 2030. China and Russia both see Africa, where about 600 million people live without electricity, as something of a golden fleece and are pursuing nuclear agreements, which lay the groundwork for new-build, in a number of African nations. Small modular reactors and floating reactors could be an option for isolated areas. China has already said it is close to starting work on its first floating unit, but reliable details are few and far between.

The impetus for nuclear power in China is increasingly due to air pollution from coal-fired plants. To meet its climate goal as stipulated in the Paris agreement, China will need to reduce its coal power capacity by 40% over the next decade, according to Global Energy Monitor’s analysis. At present, this seems unrealistic. In addition to roughly 1,000 GW of existing coal capacity, China has 121 GW of coal plants under construction, which is more than is being built in the rest of the world combined.

Date: Friday, 24 January 2020
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South Korea's Nuclear Safety and Security Commission on 18 June approved the restart of unit 3 at the Shin Kori NPP, which was shut down in January for scheduled maintenance. The decision was taken after planned maintenance was completed at Shin-Kori 3, an Ap-1400 pressurised water reactor. South Korea currently operates 24 power reactors that generate 27% percent of its total electricity. However, Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power’s (KHNP’s) board of directors recently decided to shut down unit 1 at the Wolsong NPP, South Korea’s second oldest reactor, before the end of its lifetime. KHNP CEO Chung Jae-hoon said this is in line with the government’s plans to reduce nuclear power in the national energy mix. Wolsong 1, a 657MWe Candu 6 unit, began commercial operation in 1983. Its 30-year operational licence expired in 2012 but was extended for 10 years to 2022. KHNP said its decision was based on the "uncertain economic viability" of its continued operation and recent low operating performance.

Date: Thursday, 21 June 2018
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December saw Russia sign various nuclear agreements with Uzbekistan, Brazil and Sudan as well as strengthening is co-operation with the Philippines.   

Date: Thursday, 04 January 2018
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More cooperation agreements and contracts have been signed by Russian state nuclear corporation Rosatom and its subsidiaries during the IX AtomExpo International Forum it is hosting this week in Moscow. The latest agreements, with Asian and European companies, cover collaboration in a wide range of nuclear-related areas and beyond.

Date: Wednesday, 21 June 2017
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